Immediate Systems in Architectural Research and Praxis


  • Christian Friedrich Delft University of Technology




immediacy, immediate systems, design by use, design environments, design methods


Immediate Systems are defined as systems that overcome the limitations of remote design by embedding design and implementation in situations of use. This paper extends the theoretical framing of IS and traces three approaches towards IS in architecture: as adhocist mode of action, as acceleration of design transfer and as human-architecture symbiosis. These three approaches consider the same phenomenon from different perspectives respectively, that of the lived experience of the user-designer, that of the designer’s methodology and technology, and that of ecology. 


How to Cite

Friedrich, C. (2021). Immediate Systems in Architectural Research and Praxis. SPOOL, 7(3), 37–46.





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