Mapping the Maritime Backyards of Póvoa de Varzim
Mapping the Maritime Backyards of Póvoa de Varzim

Authors

  • José Pedro Fernandes University of Minho
  • Marta Labastida University of Minho

Downloads

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7480/spool.2020.2.5037

Keywords:

maritime territory, fishing community, Póvoa de Varzim, intangible heritage, mental maps, maritime backyards, maps

Abstract

In order to improve their professional activity, fishermen have developed special methods and procedures for organising the space of their maritime territory. This article presents some of these practices, based on the specific case of the fishing community of Póvoa de Varzim, a town on the north coast of Portugal. Over the years, each fishing family has developed mental maps of the “seas”, creating original names to identify certain places and their different characteristics, while simultaneously producing a remarkable intangible heritage. Together with the productive transformations that were characteristic of industrialisation, traditional fishing methods have also gradually changed, incorporating the use of electronic navigation devices and other mechanisms for the detection of marine resources. In this way, the sea has begun to be mapped digitally through a system of “maritime backyards” that divide the space according to the fishing gear used. The aim of this work is to map and compare the maritime space produced by traditional fishing methods and by the contemporary system of “maritime backyards”, giving visibility to practices and territories that are normally absent from the representations of places.

How to Cite

Fernandes, J. P., & Labastida, M. (2020). Mapping the Maritime Backyards of Póvoa de Varzim. SPOOL, 7(2), 77–94. https://doi.org/10.7480/spool.2020.2.5037

Published

2020-08-01

References

Amorim, A. S. (2004). Vencer o mar ganhar a terra: construção e ordenamento dos espaços na póvoa pesqueira e pré-balnear. In Collection Vol. 8 Na linha do horizonte - Biblioteca Poveira [On the horizon - Poveira Library]. Edition of Póvoa de Varzim municipal chamber ISBN 972-9146-35-7 pp.35. Retrieved from http://bibliografia.bnportugal.gov.pt/bnp/bnp.exe/registo?1586717.

Areias, M. (1997). Os pescadores poveiros nos ‘mares’ de Aveiro” in Boletim Cultural da Póvoa de Varzim, v. 16, no. 2, (p. 287) [Online]. Edition of Póvoa de Varzim municipal chamber. Retrieved from https://www.memoriamedia.net/bd_docs/transcrioes_Povoa/os%20pescadores%20poveiros%20nos%20mares%20de%20Aveiro.PDF.

Bibliography of the Boletins Culturais sobre o Património marítimo da Póvoa de Varzim (n.d.). Retrieved from http://web.cmpvarzim.pt/lanchapoveira/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10&Itemid=12. Accessed on 2 December, 2019.

Cadilhe, J. P. (1997). As ‘conhecenças’ dos pescadores poveiros” in Boletim Cultural da Póvoa de Varzim, v. 16, no. 2, pp. 157-173. [Online]. Edition of Póvoa de Varzim municipal chamber. Retrieved from http://web.cmpvarzim.pt/lanchapoveira/images/documentos/bibliografia/boletim_cultural/bc_xix_1_5_34.pdf.

Filgueiras, L. O. (1981). Barcos de Pesca de Portugal [Fishing Boats of the Portuguese Coast]. Edition from Centro de Estudos de Cartografia Antiga [Ancient Cartography Study Center]. Offprint from the Revista da Universidade de Coimbra [University of Coimbra Magazine], vol. CXXXVIII. Digital edition, pp. 220-302. Retrieved from https://museumaritimo.cm-ilhavo.pt/pages/183.

Firth, R. (1975). Malay Fishermen – Their Peasant Economy. New York: The Norton Library.

Forman, S. (1970). The Raft Fishermen: Tradition & Change in the Brazilian Peasant Economy. Bloomington/London: Indiana University Press.

Gascuel, D. (2019). Pour une révolution dans la mer [For a revolution in the sea]. Arles: Actes Sud.

Hydrographic Institute of Portugal & IPMA (2017). Carta da Série – Pescas, Oceano Atlântico Norte, Portugal Continental – Costa Oeste: Caminha a Aveiro [Series Letter - Fisheries, North Atlantic Ocean, Continental Portugal - West Coast: Caminha and Aveiro] Retrieved from https://www.prosea.pt/pt/products/caminha-a-aveiro-24201.

Gormicho Boavida, J. (1948). Roteiro da Pesca de Arrasto da Costa Continental Portuguesa. Edição da Revista Boletim da Pesca [Trawl Fishing Route of the Portuguese Continental Coast. Edition of the Fishing Bulletin Magazine] – Subsidised by the Grémio dos Armadores da Pesca de Arrasto [Guild of Trawler Owners]. Portugal: Lisbon.

Lueck, D. (1993). Contracting into the Commons. In T.L. Anderson & R. T. Simmons (Eds.), The Political Economy of Customs and Culture: Informal Solutions to the Commons Problem. pp. 43-59. Boston: Rowman & Littlefield

Martins, L. (1999). Mares eletrónicos em fundos sem peixe: um estudo de caso na Póvoa de Varzim e nas Caxinas. [Electronic seas in bottom without fish: a case study in Póvoa de Varzim and Caxinas]. Etnográfica [Online], vol. III, no. 2, (pp. 235-270). Accessed on 18 November, 2019.

Matthews, D. R. (1993). Controlling Common Property: Regulating Canada’s East Coast Fishery. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

McGoodwin, J. R. (1989). Conflicts over shrimp rights in a Mexican fishery. In J. Cordell (Ed.) A sea of small boats. Cultural Survival Report no. 26 pp. 177-201. Cambridge, MA: Cultural Survival, Inc.

Mustain, A. (2011). Mysteries of the Oceans Remain Vast and Deep. LiveScience [Online]. Retrieved from: https://www.livescience.com/14493-ocean-exploration-deep-sea-diving.html . Accessed on 12 April, 2020.

Pardo, B. J., Queiroga, H., Graham, P. J., & Grilo, C. (2017). Pesca do arrasto em Portugal. E se fosse em terra? (Edition Lisbon: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian) [Online]. Policy brief produced in the context of the research project The Economic Valuation and Governance of Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Services. Retrieved from: https://gulbenkian.pt/publication/pesca-de-arrasto-em-portugal/.

Saldanha, J.B. (2008). A causa do mar em Manuel Lopes [The cause of the sea in Manuel Lopes]. [Online] Edition of Póvoa de Varzim municipal chamber, v. 42, pp. 141-143. Retrieved from: http://web.cm-pvarzim.pt/lanchapoveira/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10&Itemid=12

Santos Graça, A. (1982). O Poveiro: usos, costumes, tradições lendas. [O Poveiro: uses, customs, traditions, legends] Póvoa de Varzim: Câmara Municipal da Póvoa de Varzim (2nd Ed.) Facsimile re-edition of the author’s own publication from 1932 (Original work published 1933).

Sinclair, P. R. (1985). From Traps to Draggers: Domestic Commodity Production in Northwest Newfoundland 1850-1982. St. John’s, Newfoundland, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Institute of Social and Economic Research.