Alsop's masterplan Rotterdam Central Station District. Source:
Design of Co-creation in Rotterdam Central Station (1996-2007)

Architecture and urban design roles in the multi-stakeholder collaboration





mobility, stations as nodes, urban design, architectural research, multi-stakeholders’ collaboration, building blocks, co-creation, integrated design


This article explores the pivotal role of design as a decision-making tool within multi-stakeholder collaborations, focusing on the early phases of the Rotterdam Central Railway Station and its surroundings project. Spanning from 1996, when it gained National Key Project status, to 2007, when construction commenced, this period precedes the preliminary design, during which the design process becomes the primary method of collaboration among multiple stakeholders, including designers and clients involved in the station area’s development.

After introducing the post-war reconstruction of the station area and the ‘Platform Zero’ experiment, this article defines three key stages of design in the initial phase, each of which left a distinct mark on the station project. These stages are:

- From 1996 to 2001: Design for political communication.

- From 2002 to 2004: Parallel design.

- From 2004 to 2007: Design co-creation and integration.

To provide a comprehensive view of the design’s development, this article includes insights from conversations with architects and planners engaged in the process. In a dynamic exchange between various stakeholders and designers, the evolution of Rotterdam Central Station’s design reveals how political decisions have been informed by thorough design studies, offering a platform for robust discourse on critical issues.

How to Cite

Triggianese, M. (2023). Design of Co-creation in Rotterdam Central Station (1996-2007): Architecture and urban design roles in the multi-stakeholder collaboration. SPOOL, 10(1), 57–72.





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